Water Conservation

What Is Water Conservation?


Water conservation refers to reducing the usage of water and recycling of waste water for different purposes such as cleaning, manufacturing, and irrigation.

25 Ways to Conserve


  1. There are a number of ways to save water and they all start with you.
  2. When washing dishes by hand, don't let the water run while rinsing. Fill one sink with wash water and the other with rinse water.
  3. Some refrigerators, air conditioners and ice-makers are cooled with wasted flows of water. Consider upgrading with air-cooled appliances for significant water savings.
  4. Adjust sprinklers so only your lawn is watered and not the house, sidewalk, or street.
  5. Run your clothes washer and dishwasher only when they are full. You can save up to 1,000 gallons a month.
  6. Choose shrubs and ground covers instead of turf for hard-to-water areas such as steep slopes and isolated strips.
  7. Install covers on pools and spas and check for leaks around your pumps.
  8. Use the garbage disposal sparingly. Compost vegetable food waste instead and save gallons every time.
  9. Plant in the fall when conditions are cooler and rainfall is more plentiful.
  10. For cold drinks keep a pitcher of water in the refrigerator instead of running the tap. This way, every drop goes down you and not the drain.
  11. Monitor your water bill for unusually high use. Your bill and water meter are tools that can help you discover leaks.
  12. Water your lawn and garden in the morning or evening when temperatures are cooler to minimize evaporation.
  13. Wash your fruits and vegetables in a pan of water instead of running water from the tap.
  14. Spreading a layer of organic mulch around plants retains moisture and saves water, time and money.
  15. Use a broom instead of a hose to clean your driveway and sidewalk and save water every time.
  16. If your shower fills a one-gallon bucket in less than 20 seconds, replace the shower head with a water-efficient model.
  17. Collect the water you use for rinsing fruits and vegetables, then reuse it to water houseplants.
  18. If water runs off your lawn easily, split your watering time into shorter periods to allow for better absorption.
  19. We're more likely to notice leaks indoors, but don't forget to check outdoor faucets, sprinklers and hoses for leaks.
  20. If you have an automatic refilling device, check your pool periodically for leaks.
  21. Check the root zone of your lawn or garden for moisture before watering using a spade or trowel. If it's still moist two inches under the soil surface, you still have enough water.
  22. When buying new appliances, consider those that offer cycle and load size adjustments. They're more water and energy efficient.
  23. Shorten your shower by a minute or two and you'll save up to 150 gallons per month.
  24. Upgrade older toilets with water efficient models.
  25. Adjust your lawn mower to a higher setting. A taller lawn shades roots and holds soil moisture better than if it is closely clipped.

Water Conservation Can Be Defined As


  1. Any beneficial reduction in water loss, use or waste as well as the preservation of water quality.
  2. A reduction in water use accomplished by implementation of water conservation or water efficiency measures; or,
  3. Improved water management practices that reduce or enhance the beneficial use of water. A water conservation measure is an action, behavioral change, device, technology, or improved design or process implemented to reduce water loss, waste, or use. Water efficiency is a tool of water conservation. That results in more efficient water use and thus reduces water demand. The value and cost-effectiveness of a water efficiency measure must be evaluated in relation to its effects on the use and cost of other natural resources (e.g. energy or chemicals).

Goals of Water Conservation Efforts


  1. Sustainability. To ensure availability for future generations, the withdrawal of fresh water from an ecosystem should not exceed its natural replacement rate.
  2. Energy Conservation. Water pumping, delivery, and wastewater treatment facilities consume a significant amount of energy. In some regions of the world over 15% of total electricity consumption is devoted to water management.
  3. Habitat Conservation. Minimizing human water use helps to preserve fresh water habitats for local wildlife and migrating water flow, as well as reducing the need to build new dams and other water diversion infrastructure.

Additional Resources


Add link to Watering Schedule.
Create a link to report illegal watering.
Add link to the reference pages listed below.
Water: Use It Wisely
www.wateruseitwisely.com/100-ways-to-conserve/index.php
EPA

www.epa.gov/watersense/